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Development history The first true ARVs were introduced in World War II, often by converting obsolete or damaged tanks, usually by removing the turret and installing a heavy-duty winch to free stuck vehicles, plus a variety of vehicle repair tools. Some were also purpose-built in factories, using an existing tank chassis with a hull superstructure to accommodate repair and recovery equipment. Many of the latter type of ARV had an A-frame or crane to allow the vehicle’s crew to perform heavy lifting tasks such as removing the engine from a disabled tank. After World War II, most countries’ MBT models also had corresponding ARV variants. Many ARVs are also equipped with a bulldozer blade that can be used as an anchor when winching or as a stabiliser when lifting, a pump to transfer fuel to another vehicle, and more. Some can even carry a spare engine for field replacement, such the German Leopard 1 ARV. Some combat engineering vehicles (CEVs) are based on ARVs. United Kingdom Grant ARV Centurion MkII ARV Second World War Cavalier ARV Churchill ARV Grant ARV Sherman III ARV I – Amoured Recovery Vehicle conversion of Sherman III (M4A2), similarly “Sherman V ARV Mark I” and “ARV Mark II”, but the Sherman II ARV Mk III was a M32B1 TRV (see US ARV). Modern Centurion ARV FV 220 Conqueror ARV Chieftain ARV Challenger ARV FV106 Samson BARV (WWII to Modern) The BARV is a British military support vehicle, the name coming from “Beach Armoured Recovery Vehicle” built on the M4A2 Sherman, M3A5 Grant, Centurion, and Leopard 1A5 tanks. Canada Ram ARV (WWII) Czechoslovakia M32 TRV in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel. VT-34 ARV (T-34 Chassis) VT-55A ARV (T-55 Chassis) VT-72B ARV (T-72 Chassis) – (1987 to 1989) VPV (BVP-1 Chassis) – (1985 to 1989) France M32 Tank Recovery Vehicle, based on the Sherman tank (from 1944) M74 Tank Recovery Vehicle (1954-1975) AMX 30 D (from 1973), based on the AMX 30 Leclerc MARS, based on the AMX-56 Leclerc Germany BPz3 “Bffel”, German Army. WWII Bergepanzer III – PzKpfw III chassis Bergepanther (SdKfz 179) – Panther tank chassis 347 produced (1943 to 1945). Bergetiger – Tiger I tank chassis Bergepanzer 38(t) – Panzerkampfwagen 38 chassis, 170 produced (1944 to 1945). Modern Bergepanzer M74 (Sherman Chassis) – first TRV/ARV of the West German Bundeswehr, 300 used 1956-1960 (see M74 entry under United States). Bergepanzer 1 – M88 Chassis, the first of 125 entered service in 1962 and a 1985 modernization program replaced the gasoline engine with a diesel and improved the hoist. Bergepanzer 2 – Leopard 1 tank chassis Bergepanzer 3 “Bffel” – Leopard 2 chassis Taurus ARV – used by the Canadian Forces since 1990s Israel Trail Blazer. Trail Blazer (Gordon) (Sherman chassis) – An IDF recovery/engineering vehicle based on HVSS equipped M4A1s Sherman tanks, it featured a large single boom crane (as opposed to the A-Frame of the M32) and large spades at the front and rear of the vehicle to assist in lifting. It could also tow up to 72 tons. Mexico M32 Chenca (Sherman chassis) – In 1998, Napco International of the USA upgraded M32B1 TRV M4 Sherman-chassis armoured recovery vehicles with Detroit Diesel 8V-92-T diesel engines (see M32 entry under United States). Poland CW-34 (T-34 Chassis) WPT-34 (T-34, SU-85 and SU-100 Chasis) WZT-1 (T-54 and T-55 Chassis) WZT-2 (T-55 Chassis) WZT-3 (T-72M Chassis) WZT-3M (PT-91M Chassis) WPT-TOPAS (TOPAS Chassis) WPT-MORS (MTLB Chassis) VIU-55 Munja. Serbia/Yugoslavia M-84ABI – The ARV based on Yugoslav/Serbian M-84 MBT. VIU-55 Munja Soviet Union During WWII, damaged Soviet T-34 tanks were rebuilt as ARVs by plating over the turret ring. BTS-2 (T-54 Chassis) BTS-4A (T-54 Chassis) BREM-1 (T-72 Chassis) BREM-2 (BMP-1 Chassis) BREM-L (BMP-3 Chassis) BREM-K (BTR-80 Chassis) BREM-80U (T-80U Chassis) United States M31 Tank Recovery Vehicle – based on M3 Lee chassis. M32 Tank Recovery Vehicle, or M32 TRV, based on the Sherman tank chassis with turret replaced by fixed superstructure, 60,000 lb (27,000 kg) winch and an 18 feet (5.5 m) long pivoting A-frame jib installed. An 81 mm mortar was also added into the hull, primarily for screening purposes. M32B1 – M32s converted from M4A1s (some converted to M34 artillery prime movers). M32A1B1 – M32B1s with HVSS, later removing the 81 mm mortar and incorporating crane improvements. M32B2 – M32s converted from M4A2s. M32B3 – M32s converted from M4A3s. M32A1B3 – M32B3s brought up to M32A1B1 standard. M32B4 – M32s converted from M4A4s. M74 Tank Recovery Vehicle – Upgrade of the M32 to provide the same capability with regards to heavier post-war tanks, converted from M4A3 HVSS tanks. In appearance the M74 is very similar to the M32, fitted with an A-Frame crane, a main towing winch, an auxiliary winch, and a manual utility winch. The M74 also has a front mounted spade that can be used as a support or as a dozer blade. M74B1 – Same as the M74, but converted from M32B3s. M578 – based on the M113 chassis. M88 Recovery Vehicle – based on the chassis and parts of the automotive component of the M48 Patton & M60 Patton. See also Tank transporter Armoured warfare List of AFVs Allied Technological Cooperation During WW2 Army engineering maintenance Notes and references External links Bergepanzer III Bergepanzer III (DE) Bergepanther (PL) Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger Bergepanzer Ferdinand (DE) Bergepanzer 38(t) Hetzer Bergepanzer 38(t) Hetzer (PL) Bergepanzer Leopard 1 Leopard 1 ARV NL Bergepanzer 1 (DE) Bergepanzer 2 (DE) Bergepanzer 3 Bffel (DE) lb.htm Czechoslovak VT-34 ARV Czechoslovak VT-55A ARV Czechoslovak VT-72B ARV (CS) Czechoslovak VPV (CS) WZT-3 ARV (DE) BREM-1 ARRV BREM-K ARV BREM-L ARV BREM-80U ARRV Categories: Armoured fighting vehicles by type | Military recovery vehiclesHidden categories: Articles lacking sources from March 2009 | All articles lacking sources | Wikipedia external links cleanup | Wikipedia spam cleanup
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